Setup of fermentation unit
- At BARL we are successful in the invention and production of our widely used ayurvedic formulations namely: Sasya Hasyakartar (SH). This formulation is based on the fermentation of cow dung and cow urine with other naturally available raw materials that stimulate plant growth, improve soil health and its organic content.
- We propose sharing the technology with Gaushalas with indigenous variety of Cows for production of SH which can be successfully applied in fields to grow organic food.
Microbiology Laboratory Setup
- The microbiology laboratory will serve the purpose of maintaining quality checks and proper functioning of organic manure, biogas and fodder-silage technologies. This is absolutely necessary because growth of contaminant can result in severe compromise on the quality. For instance, organic manure and fodder silage contaminated with pathogens can result in human and animal diseases, while growth of acetogens can severely compromise the functioning of biogas production.
- Along with routine observations, microscopy and other day-to-day microbiology and microscopy activities can promote deeper insights to our younger generation on green technology. This will impart knowledge to them and add the same to spread green technology, which will directly result in promotion of the eco-parks activities.
Cattle nutrition and fodder cultivation
- To maintain cattle, we can provide services in preparation of feed raw materials and silage cultures. We will prepare enriched diet for cattle using several technologies. Firstly, we will cater the requirements of maintaining fodder crops. We suggest crop rotation between cereals and legumes as one depletes soil reserves and the other enriches it, respectively.
- Among the grass family for carbohydrate requirements, we suggest Jowar and Millet which are drought tolerant, while maize and perhaps also jowar during high irrigation possibilities. Similarly, for meeting protein requirements, we suggest Daincha (Sesbania) throughout the year; Cowpea (Chouli) and Guar (Cluster bean/Gevda) during dry and wet periods, respectively. All these suggested crops grow within 60 days and can be fed to the cattle directly or by drying before feeding. Alternatively one can also grow woody plants like Alfalafa/Lucerne and Desmanthus (Hedge Lucerne), which are also nitrogen fixing perennial crops that can provide 3-4 times fodder per year and have a life span of up to 4 years.
- In fact, in almost all cases mentioned above, hybrid varieties are available that grow faster with a better yield. At the moment, cattle feed cost ~150Rs/ day/animal. It has been shown by ICAR (http://www.icar.org.in/en/node/5931 ) that one can curtail costs of purchasing fodder and pulses by growing fodder crops, which also results in improved diary abilities of cattle.
- At the same time we can improve on the health of the cattle health by providing them with Silage feed. Silage culture is akin probiotic technology, which is extensively used between us, humans. Silage technology bacteria target the gut, thus preventing enteric pathogens from colonizing the intestines. Silage technology can be applied to all the crops mentioned above. We will prepare enriched diet for cattle using plant materials high in carbohydrate and proteins using Lactobacillus based silage cultures.
- Briefly, this technology encompasses shredding complex material with a crusher and fermenting the matter for at least 15 days using Lactobacillus in closed containers and/or tanks. In due course of time we will also develop silage cultures that will process food within a week based on our microbiological and fermentation skills.
Maintenance of biogas plant
- The Gaushala which you envision to establish will produce large amount of cow dung and cow urine. Other than the usage of a part of it in the production of SH, we also propose to use these cow products in the synthesis of biogas which will provide energy for running the fermenter and thereby cut down dependency on electricity, making it a self-sufficient system.
De-odourization of cow urine
- The cow urine therapy is an ancient therapy which is a part of ayurveda. Traditional knowledge and literature is available that suggest success of this therapy in treating various human diseases. Cow urine therapy has cured diseases like diabetes, blood pressure, eczema, psoriasis, asthma, migrane to name a few. Analysis of cow urine reveals presence of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphate, sodium, manganese, carbolic acid, magnesium, vitamins to name a few.
- In order to make its consumption easier by patients without any hassel, we at BARL are working to minimize the strong ammonia-like odour of the cow urine without largely affecting its composition. The research is ongoing and our trial experiments have resulted in considerable reduction of the odour; we will soon complete developing the technology to achieve this goal.